Statute of Limitations for Medical Malpractice Cases in South Carolina

Medical malpractice cases can be deeply distressing, involving not just the physical and emotional toll but also a complicated legal landscape. One of the most critical, yet often overlooked, elements in pursuing a medical malpractice case in South Carolina is the statute of limitations. In this blog post, we will explore what the statute of limitations is, how it applies to medical malpractice cases in South Carolina, and what exceptions might exist.

What is a Statute of Limitations?

A statute of limitations is essentially a countdown clock. It’s a legal rule that sets a deadline for initiating legal proceedings. Once the statute of limitations expires, a lawsuit can generally no longer be filed.

Statute of Limitations for Medical Malpractice in South Carolina

In South Carolina, the statute of limitations for filing a medical malpractice lawsuit is generally three years from the date of the harmful act or omission, or from when the injury was discovered or reasonably should have been discovered. However, this rule comes with certain nuances and exceptions.

Discovery Rule

In some cases, the harmful effects of medical malpractice may not be immediately apparent. South Carolina law acknowledges this through the “discovery rule,” which allows the statute of limitations to begin from the moment you either discover your injury or should have reasonably discovered it.

The Seven-Year Cap

South Carolina imposes a maximum limit of seven years from the date of the harmful act, regardless of when the injury was discovered, with some specific exceptions for minors and incapacitated persons.

Special Cases and Exceptions


If the patient is a minor under the age of 18, the statute of limitations does not start until the minor reaches the age of majority. However, for minors under the age of 8, the law allows a lawsuit to be filed up until the child’s 10th birthday.

Incapacitated Persons

For those declared mentally incompetent, the statute of limitations is paused until the disability is lifted, unless a legal guardian has been appointed.

Fraudulent Concealment

If there is evidence that a healthcare provider deliberately concealed their negligent act, the statute of limitations might be extended, allowing the victim more time to file a lawsuit.

Importance of Timely Action

Given the complexities of medical malpractice cases—ranging from acquiring medical records to consulting experts—the earlier you start, the better. Time is not just a legal constraint; it’s also a practical one. Evidence can be lost and memories can fade, affecting the strength of your case.


Understanding the statute of limitations is crucial when considering a medical malpractice lawsuit in South Carolina. It’s not just about knowing the time frame; it’s about understanding how that time frame interacts with your unique situation, including any potential exceptions that may apply.

Navigating a medical malpractice case can be complicated. Being aware of the time restrictions imposed by the statute of limitations can help you take informed steps toward seeking the justice and compensation you deserve.